A routing number is the term for bank codes in Canada. Routing numbers consist of eight numerical digits with a dash between the fifth and sixth digit for paper financial documents encoded with magnetic ink character recognition and nine numerical digits without dashes for electronic funds transfers. Routing numbers are regulated by Payments Canada, formerly known as the Canadian Payments Association, to allow easy identification of the branch location and financial institution associated with an account.
A routing number consists of a five digit transit number (also called branch number) identifying the branch where an account is held and a three digit financial institution number corresponding to the financial institution. The number is given as one of the following forms, where XXXXX is the transit number and YYY is the financial institution number:
- XXXXX-YYYfor MICR-encoded documents
- 0YYYXXXXXfor electronic funds transfers
A leading zero is used when formatting a routing number for electronic payments.
The symbol that delimits a routing number on MICR-encoded paper documents is the E-13B transit character (Unicode value U+2446): ⑆
Each branch in a financial institution is assigned a unique transit number for identification. The final digit of the transit number indicates the geographical location of the branch. The association is as follows:
- XXXX0for British Columbia and Yukon
- XXXX1for western Quebec, including Montreal and surrounding areas
- XXXX2for southern Ontario, including Toronto and surrounding area
- XXXX3for Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and the island of Newfoundland
- XXXX4for New Brunswick
- XXXX5for eastern Quebec and Labrador
- XXXX6for eastern Ontario, including Ottawa and surrounding area
- XXXX7for Manitoba and north-western Ontario
- XXXX8for Saskatchewan
- XXXX9for Alberta, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut
Therefore, a number XXXX6-004 would indicate that the associated account is held at a branch of the Toronto-Dominion Bank located in eastern Ontario.
Financial institution numbers
A selection of institution numbers for major Canadian financial institutions is below.
- XXXXX-001 Bank of Montreal
- XXXXX-002 Bank of Nova Scotia
- XXXXX-003 Royal Bank of Canada
- XXXXX-004 Toronto-Dominion Bank (which is the legal name for the bank, although it operates as TD Canada Trust)
- XXXXX-006 National Bank of Canada
- XXXXX-010 Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (includes Simplii Financial)
- XXXXX-016 HSBC Canada
- XXXXX-030 Canadian Western Bank
- XXXXX-039 Laurentian Bank of Canada
- XXXXX-117 Government of Canada[a]
- XXXXX-127 Canada Post (money orders)
- XXXXX-177 Bank of Canada (Canadian central bank)
- XXXXX-219 ATB Financial
- XXXXX-245 MUFG Bank, Canada Branch
- XXXXX-260 Citibank Canada
- XXXXX-269 Mega International Commercial Bank Canada
- XXXXX-270 JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (Toronto Branch)
- XXXXX-308 Bank of China (Canada)
- XXXXX-309 Vancity Community Investment Bank
- XXXXX-310 First Nations Bank of Canada
- XXXXX-315 CTBC Bank (Canada)
- XXXXX-320 President’s Choice Bank[b]
- XXXXX-338 Canadian Tire Bank
- XXXXX-340 ICICI Bank Canada
- XXXXX-509 The Canada Trust Company (in use for accounts opened prior to the merger of TD & Canada Trust)
- XXXXX-540 Manulife Bank
- XXXXX-608 CS Alterna Bank
- XXXXX-614 Tangerine Bank (formerly ING Direct Canada)
- XXXXX-623 Equitable Bank (including EQ Bank)
- XXXXX-809 Central 1 Credit Union member institutions in British Columbia
- XXXXX-815 Caisses Desjardins du Québec
- XXXXX-819 Caisses populaires Desjardins du Manitoba
- XXXXX-828 Central 1 Credit Union member institutions in Ontario
- XXXXX-829 Caisses populaires Desjardins de l’Ontario
- XXXXX-837 Meridian Credit Union
- XXXXX-839 Credit Union Heritage (Nova Scotia)
- XXXXX-865 Caisses populaires Desjardins acadiennes
- XXXXX-879 Credit Union Central of Manitoba member institutions
- XXXXX-889 SaskCentral member institutions
- XXXXX-899 Credit Union Central of Alberta member institutions
Directories of routing numbers
Payments Canada maintains the Financial Institutions File (FIF), an electronic directory of routing numbers for all financial institutions in Canada. The FIF is updated weekly and is operated as a fee-based subscription service to member institutions of Payments Canada.
A companion free-of-charge directory, the Financial Institutions Branch Directory (FIBD), is also operated by Payments Canada for occasional referencing by the general public. The FIBD is only available in PDF format and cannot be imported into business applications.
- ^ Jump up to:ab c “Financial Institutions File and routing numbers”. FAQs. Canadian Payments Association. Archived from the original on March 30, 2015. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
- ^“Financial Institutions Branch Directory”. Payments Canada. Retrieved January 21, 2018. The Financial Institutions Branch Directory (FIBD) provides routing numbers and addresses for branches of all Canadian financial institutions.
- ^“How do I find my transit number, institution number and account number?”. TD Helps. Toronto-Dominion Bank. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
- ^“CIBC takes over banking business from PC Financial, renames bank Simplii”. CBC News. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
- ^“Financial Institutions File”. Payments Canada. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
- ^“Financial Institutions Branch Directory”. Payments Canada. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
Ofer Abarbanel is a 25 year securities lending broker and expert who has advised many Israeli regulators, among them the Israel Tax Authority, with respect to stock loans, repurchase agreements and credit derivatives. Founder of TBIL.co STATX Fund.