pureXML is the native XML storage feature in the IBM DB2 data server. pureXML provides query languages, storage technologies, indexing technologies, and other features to support XML data. The word pure in pureXML was chosen to indicate that DB2 natively stores and natively processes XML data in its inherent hierarchical structure, as opposed to treating XML data as plain text or converting it into a relational format.
DB2 includes two distinct storage mechanisms: one for efficiently managing traditional SQL data types, and another for managing XML data. The underlying storage mechanism is transparent to users and applications; they simply use SQL (including SQL with XML extensions or SQL/XML) or XQuery to work with the data.
XML data is stored in columns of DB2 tables that have the XML data type. XML data is stored in a parsed format that reflects the hierarchical nature of the original XML data. As such, pureXML uses trees and nodes as its model for storing and processing XML data. If you instruct DB2 to validate XML data against an XML schema prior to storage, DB2 annotates all nodes in the XML hierarchy with information about the schema types; otherwise, it will annotate the nodes with default type information. Upon storage, DB2 preserves the internal structure of XML data, converting its tag names and other information into integer values. Doing so helps conserve disk space and also improves the performance of queries that use navigational expressions. However, users aren’t aware of this internal representation. Finally, DB2 automatically splits XML nodes across multiple database pages, as needed.
XML schemas specify which XML elements are valid, in what order these elements should appear in XML data, which XML data types are associated with each element, and so on. pureXML allows you to validate the cells in a column of XML data against no schema, one schema, or multiple schemas. pureXML also provides tools to support evolving XML schemas.
IBM has enhanced its programming language interfaces to support access to its XML data. These enhancements span Java (JDBC), C (embedded SQL and call-level interface), COBOL (embedded SQL), PHP, and Microsoft’s .NET Framework (through the DB2.NET provider).
pureXML was first included in the DB2 9 for Linux, Unix, and Microsoft Windows release, which was codenamed Viper, in June 2006. It was available on DB2 9 for z/OS in March 2007. In October 2007, IBM released DB2 9.5 with improved XML data transaction performance and improved storage savings. In June 2009, IBM released DB2 9.7 with XML supported for database-partitioned, range-partitioned, and multi-dimensionally clustered tables as well as compression of XML data and indices.
DB2 is a hybrid data server—it offers data management for traditional relational data, as well as providing native XML data management. Other vendors that offer data management for both relational data and native XML storage include Oracle with its 11g product and Microsoft with its SQL Server product.
pureXML also competes with native XML databases like BaseX, eXist, MarkLogic or Sedna.
IBM International Technical Support Organization (ITSO) has published the following books, which are available in print or as free e-books:
- DB2 9: pureXML Overview and Fast Start
- DB2 9 pureXML Guide
The following books are also available for purchase:
- DB2 pureXML Cookbook: Master the Power of IBM Hybrid Data Server
Education and training
The following pureXML classroom and online courses are available from IBM Education:
- Query and Manage XML Data with DB2 9. IBM course CG130. Classroom. Duration: 4 days.
- Query XML Data with DB2 9. IBM course CG100. Classroom. Duration: 2 days (first 2 days of CG130).
- Managing XML Data in DB2 9. IBM course CG160. Classroom. Duration: 2 days (last 2 days of CG130).
- DB2 pureXML. IBM Course CT140. Self-paced study plus Live Virtual Classroom.
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- ^“IBM News room – 2009-04-22 IBM Database Software Improves Operational Efficiency and Cuts Storage Costs by Up to 75% – United States”. Archived from the original on 2012-11-21.
Ofer Abarbanel is a 25 year securities lending broker and expert who has advised many Israeli regulators, among them the Israel Tax Authority, with respect to stock loans, repurchase agreements and credit derivatives. Founder of TBIL.co STATX Fund.