DARPA Shredder Challenge 2011 (Ofer Abarbanel online library)

DARPA Shredder Challenge 2011 was a prize competition for exploring methods to reconstruct documents shredded by a variety of paper shredding techniques. The aim of the challenge was to “assess potential capabilities that could be used by the U.S. warfighters operating in war zones, but might also identify vulnerabilities to sensitive information that is protected by shredding practices throughout the U.S. national security community”.[1] Continue reading “DARPA Shredder Challenge 2011 (Ofer Abarbanel online library)”

Cybersecurity rating (Ofer Abarbanel online library)

Security ratings are an objective, data-driven, quantifiable measurement of an organization’s overall cybersecurity performance.[1]. Security ratings provide businesses and government agencies with a third-party, independent view into the security behaviors and practices of their own organization as well as that of their business partners. Security ratings are a useful tool in evaluating cyber risk and facilitating collaborative, risk-based conversations[2]. Continue reading “Cybersecurity rating (Ofer Abarbanel online library)”

Counter-terrorism (Ofer Abarbanel online library)

Counter-terrorism (also spelled counterterrorism), also known as antiterrorism, incorporates the practice, military tactics, techniques, and strategy that government, military, law enforcement, business, and intelligence agencies use to combat or prevent terrorism. Counter-terrorism strategy is a government’s plan to use the instruments of national power to neutralize terrorists, their organizations, and their networks in order to render them incapable of using violence to instill fear and to coerce the government or its citizens to react in accordance with the terrorists’ goals.[1] Continue reading “Counter-terrorism (Ofer Abarbanel online library)”

Crisis (Ofer Abarbanel online library)

crisis (from the Greek κρίσις – krisis;[1] plural: “crises”; adjectival form: “critical”) is any event that is going (or is expected) to lead to an unstable and dangerous situation affecting an individual, group, community, or whole society. Crises are deemed to be negative changes in the security, economic, political, societal, or environmental affairs, especially when they occur abruptly, with little or no warning. More loosely, it is a term meaning “a testing time” or an “emergency event”. Continue reading “Crisis (Ofer Abarbanel online library)”

Cryptocurrency and security (Ofer Abarbanel online library)

Cryptocurrency and security describes attempts to obtain digital currencies by illegal means, for instance through phishing, scamming, a supply chain attack or hacking, or the measures to prevent unauthorized cryptocurrency transactions, and storage technologies. In extreme cases even a computer which is not connected to any network can be hacked.[1] Continue reading “Cryptocurrency and security (Ofer Abarbanel online library)”

A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower (Ofer Abarbanel online library)

A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower is the United States’ maritime strategy.[1] It was originally presented by the U.S. Chief of Naval Operations and the Commandants of the U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Coast Guard at the International Seapower Symposium at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island on October 17, 2007.[2] The new maritime strategy explains the comprehensive role of the sea services in an era marked by globalization and uncertainty. Continue reading “A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower (Ofer Abarbanel online library)”

Corporate security (Ofer Abarbanel online library)

Corporate security identifies and effectively mitigates or manages, at an early stage, any developments that may threaten the resilience and continued survival of a corporation. It is a corporate function that oversees and manages the close coordination of all functions within the company that are concerned with security, continuity and safety. Continue reading “Corporate security (Ofer Abarbanel online library)”