A money services business (MSB) is a legal term used by financial regulators to describe businesses that transmit or convert money. The definition was created to encompass more than just banks which normally provide these services to include non-bank financial institutions.
An MSB has specific meanings in different jurisdictions, but generally includes any business that transmits money or representatives of money, provides foreign currency exchange such as Bureaux de change, or cashes cheques or other money related instruments. It is often used in the context of Anti Money Laundering (AML) legislation and rules. Money services businesses are governed by their local regulators and have to adhere with record-keeping requirements to conduct customer due diligence if customers request for an amount of foreign currency that exceeds a certain threshold set to detect money laundering.
An MSB often provides an essential financial service to underdeveloped regions with limited or no banking services and may be a small organisation with outlets like grocery stores, drugstores, pharmacies or convenience stores. It may include regional networks of post offices, banks or agents. 
- ^“Money Service Businesses and Money Laundering Regulations”. HM Revenue and Customs. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- ^“Money Services Business (MSB) Registration”. Fincen. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- ^“What Is A Money Services Business? I ComplyAdvantage”. ComplyAdvantage. Retrieved 2018-07-12.
- ^“Triggering Amounts for Record Keeping”. Biz4x. Retrieved 2019-05-27.
- ^“FATF Guidance on the Risk-Based Approach for Money Services Businesses”. www.fatf-gafi.org. Retrieved 2019-05-21.
Ofer Abarbanel is a 25 year securities lending broker and expert who has advised many Israeli regulators, among them the Israel Tax Authority, with respect to stock loans, repurchase agreements and credit derivatives. Founder of TBIL.co STATX Fund.