Independent ATM deployer (Ofer Abarbanel online library)

An independent ATM deployer (IAD) is a non-financial institution that owns, manages, and places ATMs (cash machines) in retail premises or elsewhere.[1] IADs emerged in the 1990s in the USA while working alongside depository institutions, such as banks or building societies, to allow people to access cash.[2]


  1. ^“Glossary”. Chip and PIN.
  2. ^Harper, Tom; Batiz-Lazo, Bernardo (2013). Cash Box: The Invention and Globalization of the ATM. Networld Media Group. ISBN 1935497626.


Ofer Abarbanel online library