Copy to China (C2C or C to C) refers to when a company in China copies the business model of a successful foreign company, especially web and other IT companies. Such companies have often been very successful, out-competing the foreign company on the Chinese market. The degree of copying varies, from simply offering a directly competing service to closely mimicking the look and feel and name as pronounced in Chinese. It is a common topic of discussion how the Chinese IT industry can move beyond simple copying and localization into more innovation.
List of C2C companies
These companies are famous examples of the Copy to China model. Many of them have evolved to more than a simple clone.
|Chinese company||Similar to||Notes|
|Baidu Baike, Hudong||Wikipedia||Wikipedia is non-profit, but Baidu Baike and Hudong are commercial, and there is a dispute over copyrights between Baidu Baike and Wikipedia.|
|Fanfou, Sina Weibo, Tencent Weibo|
|Jianshu, 15yan||Medium||“Pixel level copy”. Its creator is also a popular science site in China.|
- ^Commander, Simon (2005). The software industry in emerging markets. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 99. ISBN 1-84542-247-3. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
- ^Harden, Leland; Heyman, Bob (2009). Digital Engagement: Internet Marketing That Captures Customers and Builds Intense Brand Loyalty. AMACOM American Management Association. p. 62. ISBN 0-8144-1072-3. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
- ^“Chinese borrowing”. financialexpress.com, post on The Economist originally. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- ^“Chinese borrowing”. The Economist. 2009-05-07.
- ^“Facebook’s Foreign Clones”. Forbes. 2008-06-12.
- ^ Jump up to:ab “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 2009-12-13. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
- ^Farrar, Lara. “Hudong.com expands abroad”. China Daily. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- ^“Baidu Baike, Chinese Version Of Wikipedia, Is Going Strong Though Censored”. spotlightingnews.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- ^“‘Chinese Wikipedia’ offers social networking too”. ARN.
- ^Nystedt, Dan. “Baidu May Be Worst Wikipedia Copyright Violator”. PCWorld. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- ^“After Baidu’s boom, Sohu looks to ride the wave”. MarketWatch. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- ^“Chinese Startup Clones Tumblr Pixel-For-Pixel”. Business Insider. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- ^“ZhiHu: Quora clone, Made in China”. thenextweb.com. Retrieved 13 January 2016.