Copy to China (Ofer Abarbanel online library)

Copy to China (C2C or C to C) refers to when a company in China copies the business model of a successful foreign company, especially web and other IT companies. Such companies have often been very successful, out-competing the foreign company on the Chinese market. The degree of copying varies, from simply offering a directly competing service to closely mimicking the look and feel and name as pronounced in Chinese. It is a common topic of discussion how the Chinese IT industry can move beyond simple copying and localization into more innovation.[1][2][3][4]

List of C2C companies

These companies are famous examples of the Copy to China model. Many of them have evolved to more than a simple clone.

Chinese company Similar to Notes
Renren,[5] Kaixin001[6] Facebook
Youku, Tudou[6] YouTube
Baidu Baike, Hudong[7][8][9] Wikipedia Wikipedia is non-profit, but Baidu Baike and Hudong are commercial, and there is a dispute over copyrights between Baidu Baike and Wikipedia.[10]
Baidu Space[11] MySpace
Fanfou, Sina Weibo, Tencent Weibo Twitter
Diandian[12] Tumblr
Zhihu[13] Quora
Acfun, Bilibili Niconico
Jianshu, 15yan Medium “Pixel level copy”. Its creator is also a popular science site in China.
SegmentFault StackOverflow

References

  1. ^Commander, Simon (2005). The software industry in emerging markets. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 99. ISBN 1-84542-247-3. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
  2. ^Harden, Leland; Heyman, Bob (2009). Digital Engagement: Internet Marketing That Captures Customers and Builds Intense Brand Loyalty. AMACOM American Management Association. p. 62. ISBN 0-8144-1072-3. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
  3. ^“Chinese borrowing”. financialexpress.com, post on The Economist originally. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  4. ^“Chinese borrowing”. The Economist. 2009-05-07.
  5. ^“Facebook’s Foreign Clones”. Forbes. 2008-06-12.
  6. ^ Jump up to:ab “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 2009-12-13. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
  7. ^Farrar, Lara. “Hudong.com expands abroad”. China Daily. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  8. ^“Baidu Baike, Chinese Version Of Wikipedia, Is Going Strong Though Censored”. spotlightingnews.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  9. ^“‘Chinese Wikipedia’ offers social networking too”. ARN.
  10. ^Nystedt, Dan. “Baidu May Be Worst Wikipedia Copyright Violator”. PCWorld. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  11. ^“After Baidu’s boom, Sohu looks to ride the wave”. MarketWatch. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  12. ^“Chinese Startup Clones Tumblr Pixel-For-Pixel”. Business Insider. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  13. ^“ZhiHu: Quora clone, Made in China”. thenextweb.com. Retrieved 13 January 2016.

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